skip to main content

STUNTING DAN PERKEMBANGAN MOTORIK BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEMUMU KABUPATEN BENGKULU UTARA

*Syami Yulianti orcid  -  Departemen Kebidanan, Fakultas Imnu Kesehatan, Universitas Dehasen Bengkulu, Indonesia
Diyah Tepi R  -  Departemen Kebidanan, Fakultas Imnu Kesehatan, Universitas Dehasen Bengkulu, Indonesia
Received: 28 Aug 2019; Published: 25 Apr 2020.

Citation Format:
Abstract

Latar Belakang : Stunting adalah kondisi gagal tumbuh pada anak akibat kekurangan gizi kronis sehingga anak terlalu pendek untuk usianya. Indonesia merupakan negara dengan prevalensi stunting kelima terbesar di dunia yaitu sebanyak 37%. Balita yang mengalami stunting memiliki tingkat kecerdasan tidak maksimal, lebih rentan terhadap penyakit dan di masa depan berisiko menurunnya tingkat produktivitas sehingga menghambat pertumbuhan ekonomi, meningkatkan kemiskinan dan memperlebar ketimpangan. Prevalensi stunting di Bengkulu rata-rata 29,4%, dimana kejadian tertinggi terdapat di Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara (35,8%).

Tujuan : Mengetahui hubungan stunting dengan perkembangan motorik halus dan motorik kasar pada balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kemumu Kabupaten Bengkulu Utara.

Metode : Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross-sectional. Analisa data menggunakan uji chi-square dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% (α = 0,05). Jumlah sampel sebanyak 100 balita, diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Penilaian stunting dinyatakan dengan z-score tinggi badan menurut umur (TB/U) dan diklasifikasikan berdasarkan WHO. Perkembangan anak diukur dengan tes Denver II.

Hasil :Sebanyak 32 (32%) balita dengan stunting, hasil uji korelasi statistik menunjukkan ada hubungan antara stunting dengan perkembangan motorik halus (p=0,003) dan motorik kasar (p=0,004) pada balita.

Kesimpulan :Ada hubungan stunting dengan perkembangan motorik halus dan motorik kasar pada balita.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Fulltext View|Download |  Research Results
HUBUNGAN STATUS STUNTING DENGAN PERKEMBANGAN MOTORIK BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEMUMU KABUPATEN BENGKULU UTARA
Subject Children growth; Stunting; Toddler
Type Research Results
  Download (136KB)    Indexing metadata
Keywords: Perkembangan anak; Stunting; Balita
Funding: Puskesmas Kemumu, Bengkulu Utara; Universitas Dehasen

Article Metrics:

  1. Julia M. Adoption of the WHO child growth standards to classify indonesian children under 2 years of age according to nutrition status: tronger indication for nutritional intervention. Food Nutr Bull. 2009;30(3):254-259
  2. Black RE, Victora CG, Walker SP, Bhutta ZA, Christian P, de Onis M, Ezzati M, Grantham-McGregor S, Katz J, Martorell R, and Uauy R. Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet. 2013;382(9890):427-451
  3. Biswas T, Islam A. Chronic stunting among under-5 children in Bangladesh: A situation analysis. Adv Pediatr Res. 2015;2(18):1-9
  4. Oot L, Sommerfelt AE, Sethuraman K, Ross J. The effect of chronic malnutrition (stunting) on learning ability, a measure of human capital: a model in PROFILES for country-level advocacy. Washington DC: FHI 360/FNATA; 2016
  5. Susanty N, Margawati A. Hubungan derajat stunting, asupan zat gizi dan sosial ekonomi rumah tangga dengan perkembangan motorik anak usia 24 – 36 bulan di wilayah kerja puskesmas bugangan semarang. Jurnal of Nutrition College. 2013;1(1):327-336
  6. Kementerian Republik Indonesia. Info Datin:Situasi Balita Pendek. 2016
  7. Malina RM. Motor development during infancy and early childhood: overview and suggested directions for research. Int J Sport Heal Sci. 2004;2(5):50-66
  8. Victora CG, De Onis M, Hallal PC, Blössner M, Shrimpton R. Worldwide timing of growth faltering: revisiting implications for interventions. Pediatrics. 2010;125(3):473-490
  9. Subasinghe SML., Wijesinghe DGN. The effect of nutritional status on cognitive and motor development of pre-school children. Trop Agric Res. 2006;18:1-9
  10. Zoeller RT, Rovet J. Timing of thyroid hormone action in the developing brain: clinical observations and experimental findings. J Neuroendocrinol. 2004;16(10):809-818
  11. Francks C, Fisher SE, Marlow AJ, MacPhie IL, Taylor KE, Richardson AJ, Stein JF, Monaco AP. Familial and genetic effects on motor coordination, laterality, and reading-related cognition. Am J Psychiatry. 2003;160:1970-1977
  12. Fox SE, Levitt P, Nelson CAI. Timing and quality of early experiences influence. Child Dev. 2010;81(1):28-40
  13. Angdembe MR, Dulal BP, Bhattarai K, Karn S. Trends and predictors of inequality in childhood stunting in Nepal from 1996 to 2016. Int J Equity Health. 2019;18(1):1-17
  14. Pantaleon MG, Hadi H, Gamayanti IL. Stunting berhubungan dengan perkembangan motorik anak di Kecamatan Sedayu , Bantul , Yogyakarta. 2015
  15. Jones KDJ, Berkley JA. Severe acute malnutrition and infection. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2014;34:S1-S29
  16. Katona P, Katona‐Apte J. The Interaction between Nutrition and Infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2008;46(10):1582-1588
  17. Millward DJ. Nutrition, infection and stunting: The roles of deficiencies of individual nutrients and foods, and of inflammation, as determinants of reduced linear growth of children. Nutr Res Rev. 2017;30(1):50-72
  18. Woldehanna T, Behrman JR, Araya MW. The effect of early childhood stunting on children’s cognitive achievements: evidence from young lives Ethiopia. Ethiop J Heal Dev. 2018;31(2):75-84
  19. Cheung YB, Karlberg JPE. Fetal growth , early postnatal growth and motor development in Pakistani infants. Int. J. epidemiol. 2001:66-74
  20. Robinson LE, Wadsworth DD, Peoples CM. Correlates of school-day physical activity in preschool students. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2012;83(1):20-26
  21. Iivonen KS, Sääkslahti AK, Mehtälä A, Villberg JJ, Tammelin TH, Kulmala JS, Poskiparta M.. Relationship between fundamental motor skills and physical activity in 4-year-old preschool children. Percept Mot Skills. 2013;117(2):627-646
  22. Williams HG, Pfeiffer KA, O’Neill JR, Dowda M, McIver KL, Brown WH, Pate RR. Motor skill performance and physical activity in preschool children. Obesity. 2008;16(6):1421-1426

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.