HUBUNGAN ANTARA KETEBALAN LEMAK ABDOMINAL DAN KADAR SERUM HIGH SENSITIVITY C-REACTIVE PROTEIN (HS-CRP) PADA REMAJA

*Anis Nuraini -  Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Etisa Adi Murbawani -  Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 14 May 2019; Published: 14 May 2019.
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Section: Articles
Language: EN
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Statistics: 45 49
Abstract

Latar Belakang: Masalah gizi yang dapat terjadi pada masa remaja yaitu gizi kurang, overweight, dan obesitas. Tebal lemak bawah kulit menunjukkan gambaran deposit lemak subkutan yang dapat memberikan gambaran perkiraan total lemak tubuh. Pengukuran antropometri ini akurat pada anak dan remaja dalam penilaian obesitas. Adipositas berlebih berhubungan dengan terjadinya inflamasi sistemik yang lebih besar. High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) adalah protein fase akut utama yang merupakan penanda sensitif terjadinya inflamasi sistemik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan antara ketebalan lemak abdominal dan kadar serum hs-CRP pada remaja.

Metode: Penelitian observasional dengan desain cross-sectional ini dilakukan di SMAN 15 Semarang. Subjek ditentukan menggunakan consecutif sampling serta disesuaikan dengan kriteria inklusi dengan jumlah sampel minimal 51 orang. Analisis data dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Rank Spearman.

Hasil: Rerata kadar serum hs-CRP remaja adalah sebesar 2,16 ± 4,27 mg/L dan rerata tebal lemak abdominal remaja adalah sebesar 15,13 ± 7,72 mm. Prevalensi subjek dengan kadar serum >3,0 mg/L sebesar 19,61%. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara ketebalan lemak abdominal dan kadar serum hs-CRP (r = 1,000; p = 0,001). 

Simpulan:  Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara ketebalan lemak abdominal dan kadar serum hs-CRP.

Keywords
tebal lemak abdominal, kadar hs-CRP, remaja
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