IMPLEMENTASI COUNTER-TRAFFICKING INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM) DALAM MENANGGULANGI PERDAGANGAN MANUSIA DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2007-2013

*Adiningrum Puspahapsari  -  , Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  , Indonesia
Published: 2 Oct 2015.
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Abstract
In human trafficking, Indonesia as a country not only act as a
source, but also a transit and a destination. The number of human
trafficking cases have been increasing since Indian Ocean tsunami
occured. According to Trafficking in Persons (TIP), Indonesia’s
position is at Tier 2, meaning that Indonesia governement has not
met the minimum standards of Trafficking Victims Protection Act
(TVPA), but still showing some efforts to meet the standards. To
combat human trafficking, Indonesia has cooperated with IOM
through one of its law enforcement body, Indonesian National Police
(INP). This research aims to analyze the cause of the increasing
number of human trafficking cases although several IOM’s countertrafficking
efforts have been placed throughout 2007-2013 period.
This research employs theory of international cooperation and
international organization with neoliberalism paradigm to analyze
the data collected through literature studies, documentation, and
interview as well. The result shows that the ineffective
implementation of IOM’s counter-trafficking efforts was not
necessarily caused by the abscence of mutual interests, but by the
inavailability of quick feedback to deal with the constraints occuring
during the cooperation.
Keywords: human trafficking, counter-trafficking, IOM-Indonesia, IOM-Polri

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