PENANGANAN KEAMANAN WILAYAH PERBATASAN: STUDI KASUS PENYELUNDUPAN TRANSIT MIGRAN DARI TIMUR TENGAH KE AUSTRALIA MELALUI INDONESIA 2010-2013

*Nietya Amalia Yusrina  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Shary Charlotte Pattipeilohy  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 14 Sep 2015.
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Abstract

Over the past decades, the world has witnessed the increasing
number of migrants originating from the Middle East due to the
economic and political instabilities they face at home. Australia has
been one of the most popular destinations the migrants tend to
migrate to, as the country is perceived to be offering many
opportunities and promosing living envinronments. Before arriving
in Australia however, it is common for many migrants to make a
transit in Indonesia either under legal or illegal means. The illegal
ones have particularly been problematic for Indonesian Government
as they have presented the country with a number of unprecedented
social, economic, and political consequences. In this research, by
using the qualitative method, the writer aplies the theory of
Constructivism by Martha Finnemore to analyze the factors that
make the migrants incline to transit in Indonesia unlawfully, even
though many legal efforts to tackle this issues have been placed by
the Indonesian National Police. The result of this research shows
that Indonesia's geography, legal, economic and socio-cultural
conditions are among many factors that could be held responsible
for the case. As such, the Indonesian National Police have done
preemptive, preventive and repressive efforts to overcome these
factors.

Keywords: transit migrant, smuggling, Indonesia-Australia

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