13. KEBIJAKAN KEAMANAN JEPANG TERHADAP PROLIFERASI NUKLIR KOREA UTARA PASCA KELUARNYA KOREA UTARA DARI REZIM NON-PROLIFERASI NUKLIR (PERIODE 2003-211)

*Renni Novia Saputri Gumay -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro
Tri Cahyo Utomo -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Satwika Paramasatya -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 30 Mar 2016.
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Abstract
North Korea’s nuclear proliferation has implicated threat toward Japan’s security directly,
proven by illicit networks existence that support the nuclear proliferation program within
the jurisdiction of Japan and indirectly, the capability of North Korea’s nuclear power to at
any time could threaten the safety of Japanese citizens and Japanese territory. Threat
escalation due to the North Korea’s nuclear proliferation is North Korea dared to conduct a
nuclear test in 2006 and 2009 after declaring withdrawal from regime of the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). This nuclear issue has become international
concern, especially Japan. This research has purpose to analyze Japan’s security policy
based on Japan’s identity as “pacifist country” and “non-nuclear country”. The framework
used in this research is the concept of norms and identity of the constructivist theory. The
type of this research is explanatory, using qualitative data analysis techniques from
literatures review. The result of this research is given explanation about Japan’s security
policies which are normalization talk, international cooperation through Proliferation
Security Initiative and Six Party Talk, and enhance its role as “stabilizer” in Asia region in
international non-proliferation effort through Proliferation Security Initiative Maritime
Interdiction Exercise and Asia Senior-Level Talks on Non-Proliferation.
Keywords
nuclear proliferation, security policy, norms, identity, North Korea, Japan

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