11. PERANAN LAOS, MYANMAR, DAN THAILAND DALAM MENANGANI PENYALAHGUNAAN PRODUKSI DAN PERDAGANGAN OPIUM DI KAWASAN SEGITIGA EMAS

*Candra Yanuarizki -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Satwika Paramasatya -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 30 Mar 2016.
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Abstract
Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) has a role to address drug trafficking in
its area, thus formed a special agency to deal with this problem through a forum named
ASEAN Senior Official on Drugs Matters (ASOD). ASOD, in cooperation with China,
India, Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand announced Declaration of Chiang Rai, which focuses
on opium production and trafficking in the Golden Triangle area. The declaration itself
reflects a common interest to control drug trafficking between Laos, Myanmar, and
Thailand. Based on this common interest, this research is developed to know the
implementation of Chiang Rai Declaration as a form their cooperation. Using liberal
institutional theory, this research finds that cooperation between Laos, Myanmar, and
Thailand based on Declaration of Chiang Rai is implemented to address trafficking.
Declaration Chiang Rai programs make Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand can collaborate to
address opium trafficking more seriously. This research also finds that this cooperation is
based on the fact that those three countries have the same purpose, that is to maintain the
stability in South East Asia.
Keywords
drugs trafficking, opium, Golden Triangle, international regime, Chiang Rai Declaration

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