IMPLEMENTASI TRAFFICKING VICTIM PROTECTION ACT (TVPA) OLEH PEMERINTAHAN BARACK OBAMA DALAM MENANGANI HUMAN TRAFFICKING DI MEKSIKO TAHUN 2008-2012

*Ummu Ulfah Hanifah  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Shary Charlotte P  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 30 Dec 2015; Published: 30 Dec 2016.
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Abstract
Being a country located in a border with the United States (U.S.),
Mexico had become a source and transit place for people who were
vulnerable to human trafficking. The huge numbers of human
trafficking victims from Mexico in the U.S. enforced Barack
Obama’s governance made actions as efforts to cope the human
trafficking issue. The efforts that had been made by considering
Trafficking Victim Protection (TVPA) year 2000 with its
prosecution, protection, and prevention approach were given
mandate to the U.S. Department of State to evaluate and help
Mexico. The objective of this study is to find out the efforts made by
the U.S. in combating the human trafficking in Mexico. Case study
and descriptive approach that were used had found out the
improvements in Mexico’s government efforts through reformation
of the constitution, victim protection, and trafficking campaign as
the influence of the U.S. efforts.
Keywords
human trafficking, TVPA, prosecution, protection, prevention

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