PENGARUH TRANSISI POLITIK DI MYANMAR TERHADAP PENANGANAN PERDAGANGAN MANUSIA DI NEGARANYA

*Riezqa Fitri Wandansari  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Fendy Eko Wahyudi  -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 14 Sep 2015.
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Abstract

Since 1962, the government of Myanmar had been controlled by the
military power. This matter caused Myanmar people losing their
rights in social, political, and economic sectors. The losing of those
rights then became the factor of Myanmar people to do illegal
migration. However, the illegal migration that was done by
Myanmar people make them became the victim of human trafficking.
Myanmar even become the country with the highest number of
human trafficking victims in Mekong River region. In 2010,
Myanmar did the election as a sign of the occurrence of political
transition there and became the end of the military power that
controlled the government for over 48 years. The purpose of the
research is to know the effect of political transition in Myanmar on
handling human trafficking. This research is mainly based on
Guillermo O’Donnell’s and Philippe C. Schmitter Political
Transition theory, stating that in times of political transition the shift
in human rights promotion occurs. Therefore, an idea arise in times
of Myanmar’s political transition, the number of human trafficking
declines. Descriptive type is use on this research to explain the
human trafficking phenomenon that happen when political transition
in Myanmar was on going. The result of this research shows that
political transition in Myanmar take effect on the reduction of human
trafficking victim in Myanmar.

Keywords: human trafficking, political transition, political transition in myanmar, human right, illegal migration

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