ANALISIS PERBEDAAN KEBIJAKAN KONTRATERORISME AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP KELOMPOK TERORIS ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and Levant) DAN BOKO HARAM TAHUN 2014 – 2016

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Submitted: 2019-01-04
Published: 2019-01-04
Section: Articles
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After 9/11, the U.S. have been so adamant on eradicating terrorism all over the world,
and adopted a foreign policy that focuses on counterterrorism named „war on terror‟. The war on
terror have been targeting terrorist groups like al-Qaeda, and most recently, its foremost focus is
on ISIL. While the U.S. promised to erase all terrorism in the world, the policy still has some
imbalance towards whom it applies to. Towards ISIL, the U.S. and its coalition have made
subsequent progress on their counterterrorism efforts while towards other groups, such as Boko
Haram, the policy application has been stagnant with not much progress. This thesis is a
qualitative research using Mill‟s Method of comparative study to see the differences of each
policy and will explore and analyze the reasons why the counterterrorism effort of the U.S. is
unequal, focusing on its differences of counterterrorism policy towards ISIL and Boko Haram
using Analytical Eclecticism as a tool. Furthermore, this thesis will also incorporate defensive
realism and liberal internationalism to analyze the possible reasons on why U.S.‟s
counterterrorism policy has a difference between whom it applies to. The result of this study
shows that U.S. have a political interest in Syria including its rivalry with Russia and its needs to
contain Russia‟s power in the Middle East and its interest to topple Assad from the Syrian
government.

Keywords

ISIL, Boko Haram, counterterrorism, policy analysis, U.S. foreign policy, liberal internationalism, defensive realism

  1. Nabilla Ayu Sekarini Santoso 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  2. Mohamad Rosyidin 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia