HUBUNGAN KUALITAS SANITASI LINGKUNGAN DAN BAKTERIOLOGIS AIR BERSIH TERHADAP KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS ADIWERNA KABUPATEN TEGAL

*Alfia Nugrahani Sidhi  -  , Indonesia
Mursid Raharjo  -  , Indonesia
Published: 5 Aug 2016.
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Abstract
Quality of sanitation in Puskesmas Adiwerna is still bad. Quality of bad environmental sanitation can cause various diseases such as diarrhea and become a problem in Indonesia, especially diarrhea in infants. One area that is still a high incidence of diarrhea which Tegal district with diarrhea Incidence Rate of 39.74 per 1000 population and Adiwerna Public Health Center has the highest Prevalence Rate infants in 2015 amounted to 20.64 per 100 infants. The purpose of this study to determine the relationship of environmental sanitation and bacteriological quality of water on the incidence of diarrhea in infants in Adiwerna Public Health Center. This study used cross sectional design with the kind of analytical observation. The population is all children under five by 2015 as many as 4320 with a total sample of 42 respondents drawn by simple random sampling. Data were obtained from interviews and observations are then analyzed with chi square. Univariate analysis showed there were 54.8% incidence of diarrhea. There are toilets to 69.0%, 50.0% garbage disposal facilities, SPAL 76.1%, and 78.6% bacteriological quality of water is not eligible. Incidence of diarrhea has a significant relationship with latrine facility conditions, SPAL, and the bacteriological quality of the water (p = 0.02, p = 0.03 and p = 0.02) and was not associated with garbage disposal facilities (p = 0.063). In conclusion latrine facility conditions, SPAL, and the bacteriological quality of water associated with the incidence of diarrhea in infants in Adiwerna Public Health Center.
Keywords: environmental sanitation, diarrhea, bacteriological quality

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