Upaya Jepang dalam Melindungi Hak atas Kekayaan Intelektual Industri Anime dan Manga

*Widhi Prasetia Nugraha  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Hermini Susiatiningsih  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 11 Feb 2019.
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Abstract
Anime and manga have been objects to digital copyright infringement by its fans around the
globe for years. Fansubbing and scanlation activities creates a huge economic loss for Japan
every year. In an effort to protect the intellectual property rights of anime and manga, Japan’s
Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry in collaboration with anime and manga publishers are
starting the Manga Anime Guardian Project. The purpose of this research is to explain how the
project used to protect the intellectual property rights of anime and manga. Using liberalism
view of the property right and the concept of public policy, this study argues that it is Japan’s
responsibility to protect anime and manga as it’s people economy product, and cooperation
between goverment and publishers is essential to implement policy strategies. The results of this
study indicate that cooperative efforts of intellectual property right protection is done by
persuasive approach to the fans and begin to bans sites that listed as illegal sites sharing
intellectual property products protected under Berne Convention of Intellectual Property Rights.
Keywords: anime and manga, intellectual property right, copyright, fansub and scanlation

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