Perbudakan ISIS terhadap Perempuan Etnis Yazidi di Irak sebagai Kejahatan terhadap Kemanusiaan dalam Konflik Bersenjata

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Submitted: 2018-12-31
Published: 2018-12-31
Section: Articles
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When ISIS seized control of the Iraqi territory in August 2014, the extremist
group had carried out various forms of crimes against humanity towards multiple
ethnic groups to launch their aim of forming a Islamic State. They have commited
murder, torture, ill-treatment, religious coercion, imprisonment, and kidnappings
accompanied by acts of sexual slavery, forced rape and pregnancy as happened in
the Yezidi ethnic case in Iraq. ISIS has captured, sold, and raped them as slaves
and caused victims to receive various types of physical and mental abuse. The aim
of this study is to provide an overview of the reasons underlying ISIS for sexual
slavery against Yezidi women in Iraq by using the concept of Crimes against
Humanity to explain the facts in case studies. The results of this study indicate
that ISIS background made Yezidi women in Iraq as prisoners of slaves due to
their own justification of the Qur'an interpretation which discredited and
subordinated women, so that women were freely sold and treated arbitrarily. In
addition, ISIS's actions were driven by very promising business motives of the
"slave market" and have contributed a huge income to the activities and the
continuity of ISIS.

Keywords

Yazidi, slavery,crimes against humanity, ISIS

  1. Oriza Ardiyanti 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  2. Tri Cahyo Utomo 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia