Feminisme Kultural dan Peran Perempuan dalam Deradikalisasi di Indonesia

*Christin Rajagukguk  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Shary Charlotte Pattipelohy  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 1 Oct 2018.
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Abstract
Terrorism is the result of a radical behaviour where radical understanding can trigger a person to take
a violent action to achieve their goals. In Indonesia, radical groups have emerged for a long time, even
in the past times there have been terrorist attack. The Indonesian government has established the
National Agency for Combating Terrorism (BNPT) as a form of commitment in combating terrorism.
BNPT itself has a deradicalization program, where the meaning of deradicalization is an attempt to
quit the radical notion of radical adherents or terrorist in non-violent ways. Terrorism has long been
regarded as the exclusive scope of men, but it has changed now where women are also involved in
terrorism, therefore BNPT involved women role in deradicalization in Indonesia. This research use
qualitative research method to explains the role of women in BNPT’s deradicalization in Indonesia.
To answer this issue is by using cultural feminism theory, finally it has found that the reason’s BNPT
involved women role in deradicalization is as a strategy because women had a female essence which
is softer, more compasionate and persuasive is able to approach the wives of terrorist, the prisoners
and the ex-prisoners. Beside being a strategy, the reason of the BNPT involving women in
deradicalization is to regard the aspects and needs of prisoner since the role of family is also needed in
the process of deradicalization.
Keywords: Women, Feminist Culture, Deradicalization, BNPT, Indonesia

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