CENTRE FOR MARINELIFE CONSERVATION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT’S STRATEGY AS AN NGO IN STRENGTHENING THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM’S COASTAL COMMUNITY RESILIENCE

*Diyah Ayu Pertiwi  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Hermini Susiatiningsih  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 3 Jul 2018; Published: 30 Aug 2018.
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Abstract
Climate change is the biggest challenge for humanity in this century as it causes
problematic environmental changes and destructive weather conditions. Vietnamese
coastal community were considered as the most vulnerable people suffering from the
impacts of climate change as their livelihoods are depending on the marine-based
resources. However, this research found that the coastal people today are more able to
adapt, adjust and overcome the negative impacts of climate change after receiving
intervention from Centre for Marinelife Conservation and Community Development
(MCD). This research aims to describe the coastal community condition and explain the
strategies used by MCD to strengthen the coastal community resilience in Vietnam. This
qualitative research is developed using literary technique. In which, author collected data
from secondary sources, comprise of publications from of MCD, other related ministries
and institutions. Using the conceptual frameworks of NGO Concept and Transnational
Advocacy Network, this research answers the question that MCD uses its strategies by
maintaining cooperative manner to deliver its influence within the socialist government
utilizing the Transnational Advocacy Network and conducting small-scale change and
large-scale change. These strategies allow MCD to strengthen Vietnamese coastal
communes’ resilience and to sustain under the socialist regime.
Keywords: coastal community, coastal resources management, advocacy, NGO, Transnational Advocacy Network

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