5. KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP KEJAHATAN LINGKUNGAN AKIBAT PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN OLEH PERUSAHAAN MULTINASIONAL BRITISH PETROLEUM DI TELUK MEKSIKO TAHUN 2010

*Stefani Gestananda Widiastari  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Satwika Paramasatya  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 20 Jun 2016.
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Abstract
Environmental pollution in Gulf of Mexico became the most acute environmental pollution
in United States (US). Pollution caused by negligence committed intentionally by officer
British Petroleum (BP) oil pipeline resulted in the explosion happened. Omissions
committed intentionally and caused certain damage to the environment can be categorized
as an environmental crime.Environmental contamination by BP became a threat for the
national security of the United States, as evidenced by the US government attention given
to contamination occurs. One concern that was given is when President Barrack Obama
canceled a visit abroad to observe firsthand the pollution incident. This study aims to
determine the policy set by the US government in dealing with pollution case made by BP
in 2010. The framework that used in this research are transnational environmental crime,
public policy and precautionary principle. The type of this research is descriptiveexplanative
with qualitative data analysis techniques through data collection technique.
The result of this research is an explanation about determination of the US government’s
policy in dealing with cases of environmental pollution the Gulf of Mexico, there are the
establishment of national commission, the determination of the provision of fines from the
US government to BP, agreement between BP and Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) and recovery program Gulf of Mexico.
Keywords: environmental pollution, environmental crime, United States Government Policy, British Petroleum

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