3. PENGARUH PERUBAHAN ORIENTASI KEBIJAKAN AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP PERDAGANGAN DAN PRODUKSI NARKOBA DI KOLOMBIA MELALUI PLAN COLOMBIA TAHUN 2000 – 2005

*Dira Permata Sari  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Satwika Paramasatya  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 20 Jun 2016.
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Abstract
The trade and production of illegal drugs such as Cocaine in Colombia have given direct
impact which threatening the security of United States' homeland, it's proved from the fact
that 90% of Colombian's cocaine entered U.S domestic market. As country that has been
long-identified as anti-drugs state, United States were responsible for securing its land
from the threat of illegal drugs both in domestic and regional scope. Thus, U.S has been
providing assistance namely Plan Colombia to fight the trade and production of Cocaine in
Colombia for six years. During the implementation of Plan Colombia, U.S faced the
frightening event of 9/11 which shifted the policy from War on Drugs to War on Terror.
This research aimed to analyze the impact of U.S shifted policy toward drug's trafficking
and production in Colombia. Identity concept of Constructivist theory of International
Relations used as research framework. The research conducted in explanative type using
qualitative data technic through library data collection. The result of this researching would
show the impact given from U.S shifted policy towards trade and production of drugs in
Colombia.
Keywords
trade and production of cocaine, policy, identity, constructivism, war on drugs, war on terror, plan colombia, United States, Colombia

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