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ANALYSIS OF LAND USE CHANGES AND URBAN LAND VALUE ZONE REVIEWED FROM THE RDTR PLAN BANDUNG (CASE STUDY OF RANCASARI DISTRICT)

Analysis Of Land Use Changes And Urban Land Value Zone Reviewed From The RDTR Plan Bandung

Department of Geodesy Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Sudarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia 50275, Indonesia


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Abstract
The city of Bandung, which is located in West Java Province, is known as the Flower City and consists of 31 sub-districts. One of the sub-districts in the city of Bandung which has various supporting facilities such as housing, rice fields, shopping centers, hospitals, and schools is Rancasari District. Rancasari Subdistrict, which is located in the south of Bandung City, every year always experiences rapid population growth and development from various aspects. These rapid changes and developments are also inseparable from the influence of detailed urban spatial plans and zoning regulations. The residential area is one of the things that is being considered, followed by other sectors that are starting to be built, such as trade and services, the main road that connects between cities, and the busy traffic causes the area to become congested. As a result, green land such as rice fields is reduced so that there is a lack of useful drainage to prevent flooding. In this study, it will be seen how changes in land value zones are affected by RDTR and zoning, in Rancasari District by referring to the Land Value Zone Map and Land Use Map so that they can identify and map the changes that occur every year to the land. The result of processing, in 2015, the highest land price in Cipamokolan Village was Rp. 2,602,000 namely in the Mixed class, Natural Protection, Public Services, Offices, Local Protection, and Housing. Meanwhile, in Derwati Village, the highest land price is Rp. 6,297,000 in Industry & Warehousing, Natural Protection, Public Services, Trade & Services, Offices, Local Protection, and Housing classes. In Manjahlega Village, the highest land price is Rp. 6,297,000 in General Services, Trade & Services, Offices, and Housing classes. In Mekarjaya Village, the highest land price is Rp. 6,297,000 in the Public Service, Trade & Services, Local Protection, and Housing classes. In 2020, the highest land price in Cipamokolan Village is Rp. 17,276,000 in Natural Protection, Public Services, Trade & Services, Offices, Local Protection, and Housing classes. In Derwati Village, the highest land price is Rp. 10,092,000 in Industry & Warehousing, Natural Protection, Public Services, Trade & Services, Offices, Local Protection, and Housing classes. In Manjahlega Village, the highest land price is Rp. 17,276,000 in Mixed, Natural Protection, Public Service, Local Protection, and Housing classes. Mekarjaya Village has the highest land price of Rp. 10,092,000 in the Public Service, Trade & Services, Local Protection, and Housing classes. 2. Land use in Rancasari District has a total area of 692,224 Ha. The distribution of land use in Rancasari Subdistrict in 2015 and 2020 was the largest class, namely the Residential Zone class, namely 462,187 Ha and 448,597 Ha, while the smallest in 2015 and 2020 was in the Bus Terminal/Angkot area class of 0.002 Ha and the Public Facilities class. area of 0.040 Ha. The land use classes in the Rancasari District are increasing, namely Health Facilities, Government Office Areas, Education Areas, Worship Areas, Bus/Angkot Terminal Areas, and Business Areas, Utilities Areas. For the increase in land use area in Rancasari District in 2015 and 2020, the most was in the Business Zone class, which was 12,911 Ha or 1.865%. 3. From the Land Use Suitability Analysis, the area of land use in Rancasari District in 2015 which is in accordance with the Detailed Spatial Planning (RDTR) of Bandung City in 2015 – 2035 is 458,235 Ha or equivalent to 66,144%. Meanwhile, the area of land use that is not in accordance with the Detailed Spatial Plan for the City of Bandung in 2015 – 2035 is 234,547 hectares or 33,856%. The area of land use in Rancasari District in 2020 in accordance with the Detailed Spatial Planning (RDTR) of Bandung City in 2015 – 2035 is 459,473 Ha or equivalent to 66,324%. Meanwhile, the area of land use that is not in accordance with the Detailed Spatial Plan for the City of Bandung in 2015 – 2035 is 233,302 hectares or 33,676%.
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