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*Leni Pamularsih  -  Departemen Statistika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mustafid Mustafid  -  Departemen Statistika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Abdul Hoyyi  -  Departemen Statistika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
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Ordinary Least Square (OLS) is general method to estimate Generalized Space Time Autoregressive (GSTAR) parameters. Parameter estimation by using OLS for GSTAR model with correlated residuals between equations will produce inefficient estimators. The method that appropriate to estimate the parameter model with correlated residuals between equations is Generalized Least Square (GLS), which is usually used in Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR). This research aims to build the seasonal GSTAR SUR model as model of rice yield forecasting in three locations by using the best weighting. Weights used are binary weights, inverse distance and normalization of cross correlation. Data which used in this research are the data of rice yield per quarter in three districts in Central Java, namely Banyumas, Cilacap and Kebumen. The data from the period of January 1981 to December 2014 as training data and the period of January 2015 to December 2018 as validation data. The resulting is a model that has a seasonal effect with the autoregressive order and the spasial order limited to 1 so the model formed is SGSTAR (41)-I(1)(1)3. The best model produced is the SGSTAR SUR (41)-I(1)(1)3 model with inverse distance weighting because it fulfills both assumptions, residuals white noise and residuals normally multivariate distribution. Additionally, it has the smallest MAPE value when compared the other weighting, that is 20%. This MAPE value indicates  that the accuracy rate of forecast is accurate.

Keywords: Rice yield, Seasonal, GSTAR, SUR.

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Keywords: Rice yield, Seasonal, GSTAR, SUR.

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