HUBUNGAN KELIMPAHAN EPIFAUNA DENGAN TINGKAT KERAPATAN LAMUN YANG BERBEDA DI PERAIRAN BANDENGAN JEPARA

Sonia Wulan, Siti Rudiyanti, Bambang Sulardiono

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

Ekosistem padang lamun di Perairan Bandengan Jepara penting bagi biota akuatik khususnya epifauna. Kerapatan lamunakan mempengaruhi bahan organik yang digunakan oleh epifauna, selain itu kerapatan lamun juga dapat mengendapkan bahan organik yang akan mempengaruhi kelimpahan epifauna. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Maret 2016 di Perairan Bandengan yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kelimpahan epifauna dengan kerapatan lamun yang berbeda di Perairan Bandengan Jepara serta hubungan antara kandungan bahan organik dengan tingkat kerapatan lamun di Perairan Bandengan Jepara. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu pendekatan survei dengan metode sampling yaitu Purposive Random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 1 jenis lamun yang ditemukan di Pantai Bandengan  yaitu Thalassia sp. dengan kerapatan pada stasiun jarang (A) 178 ind/m2, stasiun padat (B) 368 ind/m2. Kelimpahan epifauna di kerapatan jarang dan padat di Perairan bandengan 140 ind/3m2, dan 91 ind/3m2. Rerata kandungan bahan organik sedimen pada kerapatan jarang, dan padat berturut-turut adalah 12.86% dan 76.85%.Berdasarkan hasil uji regresi menunjukkan antara kelimpahan epifauna dengan tingkat kerapatan lamun menunjukkan hubungan tidak searah, setiap kenaikkan kerapatan lamun tidak diikuti oleh kenaikkan kelimpahan epifauna, serta tingkat kerapatan lamun dengan bahan organik terdapat korelasi yang kuat, semakin tinggi tingkat kerapatan lamun akan diikuti oleh bahan organik.

 

 

Kata Kunci; Perairan Bandengan; Kerapatan Lamun; Kelimpahan Epifauna; Bahan Organik.

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Seagrass ecosystem in Bandengan coastal Jepara is important for epifauna. Different seagrass density will affect levels of organic matter used epifauna, in addition the density of seagrass can also precipitate organic particles which affect the abundance of epifauna. This research was conducted on March 2016. The aimed of this research was to determine the relationship of epifauna’s abundance to density seagrass and the relationship of organic matter to the density of seagrass. This research used survey method and random sampling technique. Samples were taken from three different station there are (A) sparse density, and (B) dense density. Sample epifauna were taken once a week for three time. The results showed only 1 type of seagrass found in Bandengan coastal Jepara that is Thalassia sp. With density on sparse station (A) 178ind/m2, dense station 368 ind/m2. The abundance of epifauna on station sparse (A) 140 ind/3m2, dense station (B) 91 ind/3m2, The highest abundance Sconsia sp 52 ind/m2 dan 28 ind/m2 and Cerithium sp 34 ind/m2 dan 19 ind/m2Organic material content of sedimen on density was sparse and dense was 5.71%, 9.81%. Based on the result of the correlation show that between the abundance of epifauna with seagrass density level there is a relation undirectional, density of seagrass will not increase accordingly to the abundance of epifauna, as well as to the content of organic matter. There is a close correlation that higher of density of seagrass will be followed by organic matter.

 

Key Word; Coastal of Bandengan; Seagrass Beds Density; Abundance of Epifauna; Organic matter


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


MANAGEMENT OF AQUATIC RESOURCES JOURNAL by http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/maquares

 

 

View My Stats