POLITIK EKONOMI PERTEMBAKAUAN DI KABUPATEN TEMANGGUNG TOBACCO POLITICAL ECONOMY IN TEMANGGUNG DISTRICT

Published: 2 Jul 2020.
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Abstract

This study discusses government policies related to the political economy of tobacco in
Temanggung. Policies related to the FCTC agenda, PP 109/2012 and policies on loosening of
tobacco imports are very difficult for farmers to cause social protests because they create a crisis
that threatens farmers social welfare. History records that the emergence of social protest
movements from the peasantry in opposing the domination of power and the policies of the
authorities became a force that cannot be underestimated. Social protest in Temanggung born
since 80s. Starting from the endless of pros cons tobacco issue, this condition is heightened
when the government makes a PP 109/2012 which potentially threaten the survival of the
tobacco farmers. Farmers move.
This study uses qualitative methods. Researchers used purposive sampling method with the
number of respondents 15 respondents and uses interview techniques to obtain in-depth data.
From this study, it was found that the factor levels of economic status, education level, tenure
status, political interest and political efficacy significantly influence participation rates of
tobacco farmers in social protest. The social protest of tobacco farmers in Temanggung was able
to make the government re- reviewing the rules that have been made previously. This is
evidenced by the inclusion of RUU Pertembakauan on Legislation 2013 although until now the
Bill has not yet been ratified into law.

Keywords: Policies, Economic Crisis and Social Protest

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