skip to main content

HUBUNGAN ANTARA PREVALENSI HIPERTENSI, PREVALENSI DM DENGAN PREVALENSI STROKE di INDONESIA (ANALISIS DATA RISKESDAS DAN PROFIL KESEHATAN 2018)

*Balgis Balgis publons  -  Fakultas Kedokteran Univesitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Kolonel Sutarto, Jebres, Kec. Jebres, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126 | Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
Sumardiyono Sumardiyono  -  Sekolah Vokasi Univesitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Kolonel Sutarto, Jebres, Kec. Jebres, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126 | Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
Selfi Handayani  -  Fakultas Kedokteran Univesitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Kolonel Sutarto, Jebres, Kec. Jebres, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126 | Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Currently stroke is a major health problem in the world including in Indonesia. The prevalence of stroke in various regions in Indonesia varies. Several factors are thought to play a role in this variation, including risk factors for hypertension, prevalence of hypertension and prevalence of diabetes mellitus. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the risk factors for hypertension (smoking, physical activity and salt consumption), the prevalence of hypertension and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus with differences in the prevalence of stroke in various provinces in Indonesia. This study used an analytic observational design with an ecological study approach. Data were obtained from 440 districts and 33 provinces in Indonesia. taken in a probability proportional to size. The samples were men and women aged 18 years and over. The independent variable was the prevalence of stroke, while the dependent variable was the risk factors for hypertension (smoking, physical activity and consumption of vegetables and fruits), the prevalence of hypertension and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus. The diagnosis of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and stroke are made by a doctor. The data obtained were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. The prevalence of hypertension was a factor associated with the prevalence of stroke (b = 0.811; 95% CI = 0.320-1.302; p = 0.002). R2 of the multiple linear regression model = 62%, and overall, the model is significantly different (p = 0.002). The difference in stroke prevalence is related to hypertension prevalence.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: prevalence of hypertension; prevalence of stroke

Article Metrics:

  1. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Stroke. 2019
  2. Kemenkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2018. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2018
  3. Aulia D, Ayu SF, Nefonafratilova. Analisis Perbandingan Biaya Langsung (Direct Cost) dan BiayaTidak Langsung (Indirect Cost) pada Pasien Stroke Di Rumah Sakit. J Ekon Kesehat Indones. 2017;2(2):82–8
  4. Infodatin. “Stroke.” Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2019
  5. Pudiastuti RD. Penyakit Pemicu Stroke. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.; 2011
  6. Ryden L, Standl E, Bartnik M, et al. Guideline on Diabetes, prediabetes, and cardiovaskuler disease. Eropean Heart Journal Supplemen; 2007
  7. Hankey GJ, Lees KR. Stroke Management in Practice. London: Mosby International Limited; 2001
  8. J G. Basic Neurology. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2000
  9. Jayanti AA. Hubungan Hipertensi dengan kejadian Stroke di Sulawesi Selatan. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah; 2015
  10. Wajngarten M, Silva GS. Ischaemic Heart Disease , Stroke and Risk Factors Hypertension and Stroke : Update on Treatment Ischaemic Heart Disease, Stroke and Risk Factors. Radcliffe Cardiol. 2019;14(2):111–5
  11. Johansson BB. Hypertension mechanisms causing stroke. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 1999;26(7):563–5
  12. Aiyagari V, Philip B, Gorelick. Hypertension and Stroke: Pathophysiology and Management. 2016
  13. Yu JG, Zhou RR, Cai GJ. From Hypertension to Stroke: Mechanisms and Potential Prevention Strategies. CNS Neurosci Ther. 2011;17(5):577–84
  14. Tun NN, Arunagirinathan G, Sunil K Munshi, Pappachan JM. Diabetes mellitus and stroke: A clinical update. World J Diabetes. 2017;8(6):235–48
  15. Ramadany AF, Pujarini LA, Candrasari A. Hubungan Diabetes Melitus Dengan Kejadian Stroke Iskemik Di Rsud Dr. Moewardi Surakarta Tahun 2010. Biomedika. 2013;5(2):11–6
  16. Price SA, Wilson LMC. Patofisiologi Vol 2: Konsep Kllinis Proses-proses Penyakit. Jakarta: EGC; 2006
  17. Permatasari. Kejadian Hiperkolesterolemia Disertai Hipertensi dan Diabertes mellitus pada Penderita Stroke Trombotik Akut. Bulletin. 2011;13(3):112–20
  18. Lee IM, Hennekens CH, Berger K, Buring JE, Manson JAE. Exercise and risk of stroke in male physicians. Stroke. 1999;30(1):1–6
  19. Willey JZ, Moon YP, Paik MC, Boden-Albala B, Sacco RL, Elkind MS V. Physical activity and risk of ischemic stroke in the northern Manhattan study. Neurology. 2010;75(1):94
  20. Williams PT. Reduction in incident stroke risk with vigorous physical activity. Evidence from 7.7-year follow-up of the National Runners’ Health Study. Stroke. 2009;40(5):1921–1923

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.