skip to main content

FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PARU BTA POSITIF DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS SUNGAI DURIAN KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA TAHUN 2021

*Emi Utami  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, S.H.,Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia 50275 | Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Ari Udijono  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, S.H.,Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia 50275 | Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Moh. Arie Wuryanto  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, S.H.,Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia 50275 | Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Nissa Kusariana  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, S.H.,Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia 50275 | Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Tuberculosis, hereinafter abbreviated as TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can attack the lungs and other organs. lungs) such as the pleura, lymph nodes, bones, and other extra-pulmonary organs.2 TB disease is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, this bacterium is rod-shaped and acid-fast, so it is also known as Acid-Resistant Bacillus (BTA).2 Sources of transmission are patients with TB smear positive, which can transmit to people around him, especially close contacts. When the patient coughs or sneezes, the patient spreads germs into the air in the form of droplet nuclei. One cough can produce about 3000 phlegm sprinkling. A person's transmission power is determined by the number of germs expelled from his lungs. The higher the degree of positivity of the sputum examination results, the more infectious the patient is. The factors that allow a person to be exposed to TB germs are determined by the concentration of splashes in the air and the duration of inhaling the air. This research method is an observational analytical study with a case-control design using a retrospective study approach, namely to analyze the effects of disease or health status at this time and measure the risk factors that influence the incidence of pulmonary TB AFB (+) in the past. The number of samples as many as 90 respondents, with a comparison of cases: control (1:1), conducted by means of interviews and observations. The results of the chi square test showed that there was a relationship between occupancy density (P: 0.027; OR: 3,063), lighting (P: 0.000; OR: 7,429), ventilation area (P: 0.000; OR: 6,329), humidity (P: 0.002; OR). : 4,462), with the incidence of pulmonary TB smear (+). The conclusion is that there is a relationship between environmental risk factors and the incidence of filariasis, so it is necessary to do prevention efforts by reducing risk factors and educating the public about efforts to promote and prevent the transmission of pulmonary TB smear (+).

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Pulmonary TB smear (+); risk factors; Kubu Raya Regency.

Article Metrics:

  1. Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2016. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI Nomor 67 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penanggulangan Tuberkulosis. Jakarta, 2016
  2. Kepmenkes no HK.01.07/Menkes/755/2019 Tentang Pedoman Nasional Pelayanan kedokteran Tata Laksana Tuberkulosis. 2019
  3. Kemenkes RI. Pedoman Nasional Pengendalian Tuberkulosis-Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 364. Kementeri Kesehat Republik Indones 2011; 110
  4. Kemenkes RI. Kemenkes RI, 2018. Dicari Para Peminpin Untuk Dunia Bebas TBC,2018 Jakarta. Kementeri Kesehat RI 2018; 1–8
  5. Kristini T, Hamidah R. Potensi Penularan Tuberculosis Paru pada Anggota Keluarga Penderita. J Kesehat Masy Indones 2020; 15: 24
  6. Sataloff RT, Johns MM, Kost KM. WHO Global Tubercolosis Report. 2020
  7. Hasriani, Rangki L, Fitriani. Analysis of Risk Factors for Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Napabalano District , Muna Regency. Kesehat Pasak Bumi Kalimantan 2020; 3: 37–45
  8. Notoatmodjo S. Kesehatan Masyarakat Ilmu dan Seni. 2007

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.