Analisis Sekuritisasi Uni Eropa terhadap Citizenship by Investment Program

*Kharisma Fatiratri Budi Sutrisno  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Satwika Paramasatya  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 3 Jul 2019.
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Abstract
Many countries in the world run Citizenship by Investment Programs (CIP)
including European Union member countries, namely Bulgaria, Cyprus and
Malta. CIP can open opportunities for financial crimes such as money laundering,
corruption and tax fraud. In the European Union itself this raises more problems
when the rules relating to granting citizenship in the European Union stating that
every citizen of an EU member state is an EU citizen. Therefore, the European
Union carries out a securitization policy towards CIP. This study aims to explain
the securitization process that has been carried out through the concept of
securitization from Copenhagen School and Amitav Acharya's modified model
framework which consists of six elements namely issue area, securitizing actors,
security concept, process, outcome and conditions affecting securitization. The
result showed that the European Union's securitization process on the issue of
Citizenship by Investment Program had run quite well but there were obstacles.
These obstacles are the prerogative of the state in granting and losing citizenship
also the existence of desecuritization actors
Keywords: Citizenship by Investment Program, European Union, Securitization, Copenhagen School

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