FAKTOR EKSTERNAL DAN INTERNAL YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRESIDEN DONALD TRUMP UNTUK MENGAKUI STATUS KOTA YERUSALEM SEBAGAI IBUKOTA ISRAEL

*Agra Haydar Alama  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 4 Apr 2019.
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Abstract
On December 6th 2017, the United States under Donald Trump presidency recognized the
political status of Jerusalem City as the capital of Israel. Right away the decision gathered
criticisms and controversy. States all over the world especially Muslim majority countries
gathered on the streets to protest the policy. It was to be expected as Jerusalem is considered to
be one of the key elements for peace process between Israelis and the Palestinians. Although the
United States and Israel have a very close relations, there had been no president of the United
States before President Trump to issue such declaration in their presidencies. This research aims
to look for what factors that influenced President Trump’s decision regarding Jerusalem. In
order to do that, this research uses neoclassical realism as a framework to analyze the case.
Broadly speaking, this theory analyzes foreign policies from external and internal factors.
Accordingly, this research argues that international circumstances were very supporting for the
United States to issue the foreign policy. Moreover, President Trump’s closest advisers and his
supporter bases were those who had pro-Israel view so that it’s not surprising that if President
Trump wanted to fulfill their wishes in order to maintain and increase the president’s popularity
among the people of the United States.
Keywords: foreign policy, United States, President Donald Trump, Jerusalem City, Israel

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