PENGARUH WATER RESOURCES SECTOR ADJUSTMENT LOAN (WATSAL) TERHADAP PEMENUHAN HAK ATAS AIR DI INDONESIA

*Patria Rizky Ananda  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 27 Mar 2019.
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Abstract
Water Resources Sector Adjustment Loan (WATSAL) was proposed by the World Bank to the
Government of Indonesia to overcome the economic crisis of 1997-1998. In order to fulfill
the requirements in WATSAL, the Indonesian Government passed Law No. 7 of 2004
concerning Water Resources (Water Resources Law). This law raises pros and cons because
it gives the opportunity for the private sector to participate in water resources management
(water privatization) which is contrary to Article 33 Paragraph (3) of the 1945 Constitution.
This research explain how WATSAL influences on the fulfillment of right to water in
Indonesia. In line with that, this research aims to determine the influence of WATSAL on
fulfilling the right to water in Indonesia. The researcher uses the type of explanatory
research by collecting data from desk research and field research techniques in the period of
research in 2004-2015. This research uses the framework of Neo-Marxism thought adopted
by Steans and Pettiford. The result of this research shows that WATSAL affects the fulfillment
of the right to water in Indonesia. The case study used to support this argument is the
existence of the bottled water industry (AQUA Group) which has a role in discriminating
against the right to water and causing water sources for the residents around it (Sukabumi
and Klaten) to dry up
Keywords: WATSAL, Water Resources Law, water privatization, right to water, World Bank, AQUA

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