PENGARUH KEPRIBADIAN PRESIDEN JOKOWI DALAM KEBIJAKAN LUAR NEGERI INDONESIA: STUDI KASUS PELANGGARAN CINA DI NATUNA

*Tomy Darma Putra  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mohamad Rosyidin  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 27 Mar 2019.
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Abstract
South China Sea dispute is a complicated problem faced by ASEAN countries. Through
the Nine Dash Line, China claims that the South China Sea still as its territory. China takes
action by militarizing the islands in it. Even though Indonesia is not included in the disputes,
it turns out that Natuna waters overlap with the Nine Dash Line owned by China. These
problems had caused tensions between the two countries because China had intervened in
law enforcement efforts carried out by Indonesian patrol vessels against Chinese fishing
vessels that violated Indonesia’s sovereignty. This study will explain the behavior of
Indonesia in the dispute. Using the idiosyncratic approach, this study analyzes the political
leader, Jokowi, specifically his personal character. This study will use content analysis that
focus on Jokowi's statements on the dynamics of the South China Sea dispute and his
response to sovereignty violation by China. The results of this study show that there are
similarities in Jokowi’s behavior patterns since he was a mayor in responding to a problem.
In response to China, Jokowi has character of high nationalism, high need of power, high
belief in control over event, low conceptual complexity, and low distrust to other.
Keywords: South China Sea dispute, Nine Dash Line, idiosyncratic, Jokowi

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