MILITER DALAM KEJAHATAN PERANG JEPANG TERHADAP INDONESIA TAHUN 1942 - 1945 STUDI KASUS: PERBUDAKAN SEKSUAL WANITA INDONESIA

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Submitted: 2019-01-04
Published: 2019-01-04
Section: Articles
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Japan's participation in World War II against allies encouraged Japan to carry out
aggression in East Asian and Southeast Asian countries, including Indonesia. After the Japanese
landing in Indonesia on 1942, the Japanese military carried out various policies, one of it was sexual
slavery or jugun ianfu. Thousands of Indonesian women were made into Japanese military sex slaves.
Women's International War Crimes Tribunal (WIWCT) on Japan's Military Sex Slavery was held in
2000, which judge 10 Japanese war crimes defendants. Jugun ianfu is a systemic crime organized by
the Japanese military. This study aims to explain the driving factors of the Japanese Military in
committing war crimes against Indonesia in the form of sexual slavery during World War II
1942-1945. This study using historical research method and the library search for data collection.
Organizational Culture theory of Constructivism will be used to explain the driving factors of
Japanese military commit sexual slavery. This study found that what prompted the Japanese military
to commit sexual slavery in Indonesia was influenced by two factors. First, the Japanese military
doctrine that is the Imperial Rescript Armed Forces which demanded military compliance with all
orders from the Japanese Emperor. Secondly, the doctrine of the Japanese Emperor who ordered the
establishment of the jugun ianfu system itself, so that the Japanese military carried out the
establishment of a jugun ianfu system in its occupying countries, including Indonesia.

Keywords

Japanese military, sexual slavery (jugun ianfu), Organizational Culture, Imperial Rescript Armed Forces

  1. Dantika Lavinia Zafarayana 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  2. Ika Riswanti Putranti 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia