RESTRUKTURISASI KEBIJAKAN LUAR NEGERI FILIPINA: UPAYA PRESIDEN RODRIGO DUTERTE UNTUK MENGAKHIRI DEPENDENSI KE AMERIKA SERIKAT

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Submitted: 2019-01-02
Published: 2019-01-02
Section: Articles
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Under President Rodrigo Duterte, Philippines pursues the so-called independent foreign
policy that’s associated with the decline in its special relationship with the United States. By
conducting a case study based on the theory of foreign policy restructuring, this research
seeks to explain why the Philippines undertake foreign policy change in a dramatic and
fundamental manner. Following Holsti, this research argues that the Philippines’ foreign
policy restructuring is a response to non-military threat. The United States’ interference in
Duterte’s anti-drug campaign and South China Sea (or SCS) policy constitutes such threat.
This research finds that non-military threat led the Philippines to restructure its foreign policy
that undermines its bilateral relations with the United States, while improving its relations
with non-traditional state partners such as China and Russia.

Keywords

foreign policy restructuring; non-military threat; United States’ interference; Duterte

  1. Dzulfiqar Fathur Rahman 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  2. Mohamad Rosyidin 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia