INTERNASIONALISASI KONFLIK INTERNAL KELOMPOK SEPARATISME EUSKADI TA ASKATASUNA (ETA) DI SPANYOL

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Submitted: 2018-12-28
Published: 2018-12-28
Section: Articles
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Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) was originally only a discussion group for students at
Deusto University. However, as a result of dictatorial leadership and discriminatory
attitudes adopted by General Fransisco Franco, the ETA group was created as a group
that carried out all kinds of acts of violence, aimed at liberating the Basque Country.
The act of separatism carried out by ETA separatist groups has become a threat to the
Spanish state. Various negotiations have been carried out by the Spanish Government in
order to build peace in their relations, but have not been able to end internal conflicts
that occurred in the country which is a member state of the European Union. One of the
strengths of the ETA separatism group comes from the relationship that exists between
the ETA separatism group and terrorist groups from other countries that entered the
international network. In this study, the author use the theories: Protracted Social
Conflict, Conflict Internationalization, and Sources of Contemporary Conflict to explain
that internal conflicts that have occurred for more than 50 years are due to the desire of
the Basque Country to separate from the Spanish state. The research method used is
qualitative which is carried out by collecting and analyzing data, to find out the reasons
for internal conflicts between ETA separatism groups and the Government has not been
able to find a way of peace.

Keywords

Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, Spanish Government, Internal Conflict, International Network, European Union, GAL, Peace, Protracted Social Conflict, Conflict Internationalization, Sources of Contemporary Conflict

  1. Afifah Veriyana Sekar Sari 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  2. Shary Charlotte Pattipelohy 
    Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia