Upaya Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Indonesia Menangani Kasus IUU Fishing: M. V. Hai Fa 2014 – 2017

*Fitriani Mutiara Pamase  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, , Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, , Indonesia
Published: 1 Oct 2018.
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Abstract
In December 2014 the act of IUU Fishing occured in Papua waters conducted by Hai Fa
motor vessel from China. Regarding this matter KKP made various efforts to resolve it and
uphold the spirit of eradicating IUU Fishing. KKP has taken various efforts through
national law by registration of the lawsuit to the Ambon District Court and appealed to the
Maluku High Court as well as collaboration with other international organizations such as
Interpol, IMO and the United Nations from 2014 to 2017. Responding to this, the study of
this case aims to explain the various efforts taken by the KKP as well as the extent to
which efforts can be carried out in handling the IUU Fishing case practiced by M. V. Hai
Fa. Besides that the research also aims to describe the phenomenon of IUU Fishing in
Indonesia as well as various driving and inhibiting factors in this case. This study uses the
Regime Theory which links the procedures for handling IUU Fishing Hai Fa with regime
expectations reinforced by the concept of non-conventional maritime sovereignty which
focuses on economic, social and environmental areas doubled with the concept of maritime
security which focuses on blue economy and human resilience which discusses economic
sustainability, maritime ecosystem, food security for fisheries products and threats to the
work of traditional fishermen. This study uses qualitative methods with descriptive
research types that utilizes interview and literature sources. The final result of this study
shows that the various efforts taken by the KKP in handling the M. V. Hai Fa case from
2014 to 2017 did not produce results in accordance with the KKP's expectations.
Responding to this, KKP should bring the Hai Fa case to ITLOS if It want to pursue the
case further.
Keywords: IUU fishing, Motor Vessel Hai Fa, KKP, maritime sovereignty, maritime security, regime theory

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