ANALISIS PERUBAHAN KEBIJAKAN INDONESIA TERHADAP ASEAN AGREEMENT ON TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE POLLUTION

*Januar Aden Nugroho  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Ika Riswanti Putranti  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 25 Sep 2018.
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Abstract
This study discusses Indonesian policy towards the AATHP agreement. Since the first
AATHP haze agreement was formed in 2002, the Government of Indonesia has refused to
ratify the agreement for almost 12 years. However, in 2014 a policy change occurred, with
the Indonesian Government finally ratifying the agreement. This policy change raises the
question, why Indonesia finally changed its policy towards AATHP. In explaining this
research, the author uses the framework of liberalism theory to answer changes in
Indonesian policy towards AATHP. Liberalism considers that this policy change is caused
by the support of actors in Indonesian domestic politics. These actors in the form of private
groups, interested actors and individual actors have become their own causes in
Indonesia's policy changes to AATHP. Private groups, individual actors in domestic
politics and interest groups are key actors in influencing how the Indonesian government
takes its decisions on the AATHP agreement. In addition, support from ASEAN countries
as well as the existence of domestic political turmoil were also the cause of the Indonesian
Government finally changing its policy towards the AATHP agreement.
Keywords
smoke haze, Indonesian Government, AATHP, policy changes, domestic politics

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