Peran WHO (World Health Organization) dalam Menangani Peredaran Counterfeit Drugs (Studi Kasus: Implementasi Member States Mechanism di Indonesia)

*Anif Hidayah  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 3 Jul 2018; Published: 30 Aug 2018.
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Abstract
Transnational crime on counterfeit drugs circulation poses a real threat to the countries of
the world, including Indonesia. Case of counterfeit drugs in Indonesia has increased in
2012-2016. Therefore, a mechanism of cooperation is needed to overcome this crime.
WHO (Worlds Health Organization) has established Member State Mechanism, a
mechanism of cooperation between member states in order to protect public health from
the dangers of counterfeit medicines in order to achieve access to affordable, safe and
quality medical products. This research aimed to explain the role of WHO for combating
the number of counterfeit drugs distribution through case studies the Implementation of
Member States Mechanism in Indonesia in 2012-2016. Based on analysis by using data
from several source, this research found the conclusion that the role of WHO is to provide
recommendations, guidelines and coordination for health authorities (BPOM) to detect and
deal with actions, activities and behaviours that result in SSFFC medical products in
Indonesia. However, the role of WHO through the implementation of MSM on SSFFC in
Indonesia is not entirely successful, because the public awareness of counterfeit drugs are
still weak. Indonesia should find out the root of this problem by increasing detection at the
entrance of illegal goods from abroad.
Keywords: role, WHO, MSM, counterfeit drugs circulation, BPOM

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