Bantuan Luar Negeri sebagai Intrumen Diplomasi: Studi Kasus Bantuan Kemanusiaan Rusia kepada Donbas dalam Konflik Rusia-Ukraina 2014-2015

*Veronika Suci Novitasari Buntaran  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mohamad Rosyidin  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 30 Jun 2018; Published: 30 Aug 2018.
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Section: Articles
Language: IND
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Abstract

The Russian-Ukrainian conflict reached its peak in 2014. Conflict exacerbated by the
existence of war crimes has caused a humanitarian crisis with various socio-economic
impacts and also increased the number of refugees. Since August 2014, Russia has decided
to issue humanitarian aid policy in the conflict. This research analyzes the motives of
Russia's humanitarian aid policy in Donbas using the theory of neoclassical realism. The
results reveal that the policy is a strategy to increase Russian influence in Ukraine.
Anarchic international structure with nations competing for power became an independent
variable in this research. Putin's view on seeing Russia as a major power and Russia's role
in the international world becomes an intervening variable that translates the international
situation into the policy. The strategy of humanitarian aid policy with the motive of
maintaining influence in Ukraine will also have an impact on the increasing position of
Russia in regional countries that can strengthen its status as a global player.

Keywords: humanitarian aid, Russia, Ukraine conflict, Putin, influence

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