Peran Pemerintah Indonesia dalam Melindungi Hak TKI dari Praktik Underpayment di Hongkong

*Donna Savira Larasati  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Reni Windiani  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 29 Jun 2018; Published: 30 Aug 2018.
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Abstract
This thesis aims to analyze the role of the Indonesian government in protecting the rights
of migrant workers in Hongkong from underpayment practice in 2011 to 2017 by first
describing the description of underpayment practices in Hongkong, system and
employment policy of Hongkong, and the relationship between Indonesia and Hongkong
in migrant workers. This thesis uses qualitative research methods with descriptive research
types and analyzed by collecting data collected from interviews, books, reports of NGOs
and mass media. The range of research in this thesis is 2011 to 2017. To explain the role of
Government of Indonesia uses concept of public public, role theory and the concept of
human rights. The result of the research is the conclusion that Government of Indonesia
seeks to protect the right of Indonesia migrant workers in Hongkong from underpayment
practice in form of policies, (i) enacted UU No. 39 tahun 2004, Keputusan Menakertrans
98 tahun 2012, ratificate The International Convention on The Protection of The Rights of
All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families into UU No. 6 Tahun 2012,(ii) KJRI
Hongkong provides training to Indonesia migrant workers, blacklist employers and
placement agencies that are proven to be cheating, doing coordination with Ministry of
Foreign Affairs and BNP2TKI, (iii) launched kredit usaha rakyat, (iv) doing MoU of labor
protection with Hongkong, and (v) coorporate with alliances of Indonesia migrant workers
in Hongkong to monitor problems of Indonesia migrant workers.
Keywords: Indonesia migrant workers, Indonesia, Hongkong, underpayment

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