Peran International Civil Aviation Organization dalam Penanganan Kasus Penembakan Penerbangan Sipil Internasional Studi Kasus: Penembakan Pesawat Malaysia Airlines MH17 Tahun 2014

*Arland Yoga  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Ika Riswanti Putranti  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Marten Hanura  -  Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 31 Mar 2018.
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Abstract
Aircraft incident has a less probability than other transportation. However, it has greater
impact when it is occured. Like aircraft incident that happen to Malaysia Airlines flight
MH17. That aircraft had been declared missing when flight toward Dnipropetrovsk
airspace in Ukraina. After the search, the aircraft went completely dispatch and all the
passenger and flight crew had lost their life. Looking through the Annex 13 of Convention
on International Civil Aviation, rights and responsibility of state when the aircraft incident
happen and the investigation can be held by several different country particularly the
aircraft is on international flight. Therefore, role of international organization is needed to
intercede and coordinate states that involved. ICAO is an international organization
specialized on aviation aspect. ICAO necessarily have a role on the case handle of MH17
shootdown. This research have a purpoce to seek the role of ICAO on the case handle of
MH17 shootdown. With the perspective of Neoliberalism Institutionalism, will be known
the role of ICAO on handling the case. Both the roles performed before and after the
shootdown occurred as well as after the investigation report was issued. Methodological of
this research is qualitative and with the descriptive type of the research. Result of the
research identified the roles of ICAO as instrument, arena, and actor.
Keywords: ICAO, aircraft shootdown, role, Convention on Civil Aviation Organization

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