11. Kerja Sama Economic Community Of West African States (Ecowas) dalam Menanggulangi Perompakan Maritim di Teluk Guinea Tahun 2008 - 2015

*Vito Yanufan Ardi -  Jurusan Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Reni Windiani -  Jurusan Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Shary Charlotte Pattipelohy -  Jurusan Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 3 Jan 2017; Published: 3 Mar 2017.
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Abstract
Geo-economy in Gulf of Guinea threatened by high number of maritime piracy in region.
ECOWAS as a regional actor in Gulf of Guinea has responsible to keep its maritime area
secure. For combating maritime piracy in Gulf of Guinea, ECOWAS has cooperated
internally among the members even with other regional actor (ECCAS) and international
actors. This research aims to analyze the effectiveness of of ECOWAS, regional and
Global cooperations in combating maritime piracy. This research uses Regional Security
Complex theory and States, Powers and Security theory for analyzing the high number of
maritime piracy in Gulf of Guinea. This research also uses qualitative method with
descriptive-explanative through interview and literature research. However, based from
piracy attacks which has not been decreasing yet, huge financial loss from combating
piracy, even victims numbers which still on high level, indicating that ECOWAS
cooperations for combating piracy in region is not effective yet. Analysis States, Powers
and Security suggest ECOWAS as weak states. The weakness of ECOWAS members
states in economic, politic and social sectors make maritime piracy flourishing in Gulf of
Keywords
ECOWAS, cooperations, weak states, maritime piracy, Regional Security Complex, Gulf of Guinea

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