6. EFEKTIVITAS KEBIJAKAN MORATORIUM KAPAL EKS-ASING TERHADAP TINDAK ILLEGAL FISHING DI PERAIRAN INDONESIA PERIODE 2014-2015

*Sonta Purnama Ingrid Magdalena Sianturi  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Ika Riswanti Putranti  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Shary Charlotte Pattipelohy  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 26 Sep 2016.
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Abstract
Illegal fishing activities in Indonesia are on the increase and bring harm to the country in
many aspects such as economy, environment, social welfare, until the country's
sovereignty. Therefore, Indonesia has made many regulations related to illegal fishing, but
due to the frequent occurrence of the illegal fishing in Indonesian waters, Minister of
Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia Susi Pudjiastuti, implements
moratorium ex-foreign vessels policy as President Joko Widodo wants Indonesia to
become the pivot of the world maritime. Moratorium of ex-foreign vessels is a dismissal of
temporary permittion for vessels above 30 GT that manufactured abroad. The purpose of
the permits dismissal of sailing and operate in Indonesian waters are because there are a
suspicion of foreign vessels is an ex-offender of illegal fishing and get permission illegally
to sail and operate that detriment Indonesia. This research aims to determine the policy of
moratorium ex-foreign vessels set by the Indonesian’s government in dealing with cases of
illegal fishing is effective or not during the runs of the moratorium from 2014-2015. The
theoritical framework used in this research are illegal fishing, the concept of supply chain
management, and concept of national interest. This type of research is an explanatory with
qualitative data analysis techniques through data collecting techniques by literature and
interviews. Results of this research is to describe the effectiveness of the moratorium exforeign
vessels in countering illegal fishing in Indonesian waters. Effectiveness research
indicators used are the number of illegal fishing acts in Indonesia at the time of the
moratorium runs, the impact of the moratorium, the moratorium policy’s infrastructure, the
application of the concept of supply chain management to the research objects, and the
satisfaction levels of the government on the results of ex-foreign vessels moratorium.
Keywords: illegal fishing, Moratorium Ex-Foreign Vessels Policy, efectivity, national interest, supply chain management

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