4. SUPERIOTAS NEGARA ATAS ORGANISASI INTERNASIONAL: KEGAGALAN KERJA SAMA UNODC – MYANMAR DALAM MENANGANI PRODUKSI OPIUM PERIODE 2006-2013

*Medyna Oktavia  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Hermini Susiatiningsih  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Nadia Farabi  -  Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 26 Sep 2016.
View
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract
Myanmar is the second biggest producer of opium in the world after Afghanistan. Opium
production in Myanmar is taking place in Golden Triangle region where is vulnerable to
poverty and armed conflict. Although poppy cultivation and opium production has been
declared illegal by the Government through Act of 1974, most society still commit the
crime. On the other hand, UNODC has established cooperation with Myanmar since 2002
but failed to reduce the number of opium production. The cooperation has resulted in
several policies such as International Crop Monitoring Program and Alternative
Development. Implementation of these policies lose ground due to the increase in opium
production. This study tries to analyze the causes of the failure of cooperation using realist
approach combined with evaluative framework borrowed from public administration. This
study argues that UNODC has no bargaining power towards Myanmar so it failed to force
Myanmar comply the agreement. In addition, the failure also caused by conflict of interest
between both parties while in implementing the agreement.
Keywords: UNODC, Myanmar, opium production, bargaining power, cooperation, conflict of interest

Article Metrics: