12. EFEKTIVITAS KERJA SAMA PEMERINTAH LAOS DAN VIETNAM DALAM MENCEGAH DAN MEMBERANTAS HUMAN TRAFFICKING DI LAOS PERIODE 2011-2013

*Sari Widia Setyawati -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tri Cahyo Utomo -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Andi Akhmad Basith Dir -  Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 30 Mar 2016.
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Abstract
Laos located in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (GMS). Because of its nature of cross
country, Mekong River flows through Laos used as a gate of entry and exit of human
trafficking in Laos. Laos is a source country of human trafficking for women and children.
Lao Women and Children are trafficked for sexual and labor exploitation. Furthermore,
Laos is a transit country for victims trafficked from Vietnam to Thailand. Laos also is a
destination country for women who are trafficked from Vietnam for sexual exploitation.
Because of that, Laos cooperates with Vietnam for combating human trafficking contained
in “Agreement between the Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the
Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Cooperation in Preventing and
Combating Trafficking in Persons”. The purpose of this study is to determine the
cooperation is effective or not. Explanative type is use on this research to explain the
effectiveness of the agreement between the Government of the Lao People’s Democratic
Republic and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on cooperation in
combating human trafficking in Laos. The result of this research shows that this agreement
is not effective in combating human trafficking in Laos because there are other factors that
take effect in reduction of human trafficking in Laos.
Keywords
human trafficking, human trafficking in Laos, bilateral cooperation, effectiveness

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