TINGKATAN BAHASA DALAM BAHASA JEPANG DAN UNDAK-USUK BAHASA JAWA (KAJIAN LINGUISTIK KONTRASTIF)

Teguh Santoso

Abstract


Santoso, Teguh. Penggunaan Tingkatan Bahasa dalam Bahasa Jepang dan Undak-usuk Bahasa Jawa ( Kajian Analisis Kontrastif). Thesis. Japanese Literature Departement. Faculty of Humanity. Diponegoro University. The First Advisor: Drs. Suharyo, M. Hum, The Second Advisor: Lina Rosliana, S. S, M. Hum. In Japanese speech levels a polite form is known as Keego which consists of Sonkeigo, Kenjoogo and Teineigo. In Javanese, such a form is called Undak-usuk. It consists of Ngoko (devided into Ngoko Lugu, Antya Basa, and Basa Antya), Madya (devided into Madya Ngoko, Madyantara, and Madya Krama), and Krama (devided into Mudha Krama, Kramantara, and Wreda Krama). Based on the results of contrastive analysis used in this paper, it was found out that there are similiarities as well as differences between Keigo and Undak-usuk. Both of them have honorific forms as well as a humble forms. The difference is that in Japanese there are two concepts known as Uchi and Soto. This means that Japanese pay attention to who a speaker is talking to and who is being discussed. Another difference is that Ngoko can not be contrasted with Keigo. Krama Inggil and Krama Andhap do not belong to speech levels. Both are lexicons giving varieties to the existing speech levels, whereas Sonkeigo and Kenjoogo are parts of Keigo. Key words: sonkeigo, kenjoogo, teineigo, keigo uchi, soto, undak-usuk, ngoko, madya, krama, krama inggil, krama andhap

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