skip to main content

MELIHAT PERAN PEMAAFAN PADA RESILIENSI AKADEMIK SISWA

Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Open Access Copyright 2021 Jurnal EMPATI under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/.

Citation Format:
Abstract

Siswa yang dihadapkan dengan perjuangan akademik berada pada kondisi beresiko lanjut, untuk menghadapi masalah-masalah, perkembangan, perilaku dan kesehatan mental. Berbagai tantangan dan kondisi kesulitan yang mendalam membutuhkan kemampuan untuk bertahan, bangkit kembali dari kondisi-kondisi yang sangat menekan, menjadi pribadi yang memiliki resiliensi Akademik yang kuat. Dalam pendidikan, konsep dan kerja empirik dari resiliensi sangat dibutuhkan untuk melihat perbedaan siswa yang mampu melenting dari berbagai tekanan akademis yang ada, dan yang tidak. Menjadi pribadi sukses dalam menghadapi masalah akademik memerlukan adanya kemampuan untuk melakukan pemaafan terhadap kegagalan akademik yang menjadi sumber rasa bersalah, sehingga individu dapat bergerak maju terus dengan pencapaian-pencapaian yang ada. Penelitian ini dikembangkan dengan tujuan mendapatkan gambaran hubungan antara pemaafan dengan resiliensi akademik. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada Siswa SMK  X di kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah, dengan subjek penelitian 93 orang. Data dikumpulkan dengan Skala Resiliensi Akademik ((α = 0.729) dan Skala Pemaafan (α = 0.799). Hasil analisis data menggunakan uji regresi, menunjukkan adanya hubungan positif yang signifikan antara pemaafan dengan resiliensi akademik (R=0.41; p<0.001; F=18.04). Koefisien Determinasi sebesar 0.17, menunjukkan sumbangan efektif pemaafan sebesar 17% kepada resiliensi akademik.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: resiliensi akademik;pemaafan; siswa

Article Metrics:

  1. Akhtar, S., Dolan, A. & Barlow, J. (2017) Understanding the relationship between state forgiveness and psychological wellbeing: A qualitative study. J Relig Health, 56, 450–463. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-016-0188-9
  2. Amanze, R. U., & Carson, J. (2020). Measuring forgiveness: psychometric properties of a new culturally sensitive questionnaire: the Bolton Forgiveness Scale (BFS). Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2020.1716211
  3. Bartley, M., Schoon, M. R., & Blane, M. (2010). Resilience as an asset for healthy development, In A. Morgan, M. Davies, and E. Ziglio (Eds), Health assets in a global context: Theory, method, action (pp. 101–115). Springer
  4. Büscher, K. (2018). African cities and violent conflict: the urban dimension of conflict and post conflict dynamics in Central and Eastern Africa Africa. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 12(2), 193-210. https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2018.1458399
  5. Chan, D. W. (2013). Subjective well-being of Hong Kong Chinese teacher: The contribution of gratitude, forgiveness and the orientation to happiness. Teaching and Teacher Education, 32, 22-30
  6. Cheng, V., & Catling, J. C. (2015). The role of resilience, delayed gratification and stress in predicting academic performance. Psychol. Teach. Rev, 21, 13–24. Colp, S. M., & Nordstokke, D. W. (2014). Exploring the measurement of academic resilience. In Proceedings of the Symposium presentation at the Canadian Psychological Association’s 75th Annual Convention. Vancouver, British Columbia
  7. Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depress. Anxiety, 18, 76–82. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.10113
  8. Coronado-Hijon, A. (2017) Academic resilience: A transcultural perspective. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 237, 594 – 598
  9. Datu, J. A. (2014). Forgiveness, gratitude and subjective well-being among Filipino Adolescents. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 36(3), 262–273
  10. Erdogan, E., Ozdogan, O. & Erdogan, M. (2015) University students’ resilience level: The effect of gender and faculty. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 1262 – 1267
  11. Fallon, C. M. (2010). School factors that promote academic resilience in urban latino high school students [Doctoral dissertation, Loyola University Chicago]. https://search.proquest.com/ docview/756899509?pq-origsite=gscholar&fromopenview=true
  12. Hayward, R. D., & Krause, N. (2013). Trajectories of change in dimensions of forgiveness among older adults and their association with religious commitment. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 16(6), 643–659. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2012.712955
  13. Leary, K.A. & DeRosier, M.E. (2012) Factors promoting positive adaptation and resilience during the transition to college. Psychology, 3(12), 12 – 15
  14. Lin, W.N., Enright, R. & Klatt, J. (2011) Forgiveness as character education for children and adolescents. Journal of Moral Education, 40(2), 237-253, https://doi.org/10.1080/03057240.2011.568106
  15. Martin, A. J. (2013). Academic buoyancy and academic resilience: exploring ‘everyday’ and ‘classic’ resilience in the face of academic adversity. Sch. Psychol. Int, 34(5), 488–500. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034312472759
  16. McLafferty, M., Mallet, J., and McCauley, V. (2012). Coping at university: the role of resilience, emotional intelligence, age and gender. J. Quant. Psychol. Res. 1, 1–6
  17. Miceli, M., & Castelfranchijtsb, C. (2011). Forgiveness : A cognitive motivational anatomy. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 41(3), 260-290
  18. Powell, B. M., & Maoz, I. (2014). Barriers to conflict resolution in landscapes of asymmetric conflict: Current issues and future directions. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 7(2), 226–235
  19. Sagone, E. & Caroli, M.E. (2014). A correlational study on dispositional resilience, psychological well-being, and coping strategies in university students. American Journal of Educational Research, 2, 463-471. https://doi.org/10.12691/education-2-7-5
  20. Satici, S. A. (2016). Psychological vulnerability, resilience, and subjective wellbeing: The mediating role of hope. Personality and Individual Differences, 102, 68-73
  21. Schilling, J., Saulich, C., & Engwicht, N. (2018). A local to global perspective on resource governance and conflict. Conflict, Security & Development, 18(6), 433–461. https://doi.org/10.1080/14678802.2018.1532641
  22. Setyawan, I. (2017). Peran kelekatan pada orang tua pada pemaafan siswa SMP. Proyeksi, 12(2), 1-8
  23. Worthington. (2005). Handbook of forgiveness. Taylor & Francis Group
  24. Zutra, A. J., Hall, J. S., & Murray, K. E. (2010). Resilience: A new definition of health for people and communities. In J. W. Reich, A. J. Zautra, & J. S. Hall (Eds.), Handbook of adult resilience (pp.3-29). Guilford

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.