Keterkaitan Konsumsi Energi Rumah Tangga dengan Karakteristik Perilaku Masyarakat di Kota Tegal

Aida Ulfa Faza, Jawoto Sih Setyono


The development of urban space can be seen from how space was used and some characteristics of community behaviour. One of the factors influences the development of space is urbanization. One of the impacts of urbanization is an increase in energy consumption which is also reflected in Central Java Province with moderate to high urbanization levels, experienced an increase in energy consumption from 2011-2014. Tegal City experienced the urbanization as reflected by some characteristics of society behaviour such as modern lifestyle, land use, and socio-economic characteristics which is enable to increasing energy consumption. The limited of energy source followed by high energy consumption, attracting much attention to seek the fulfilment of energy needs. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of household energy consumption between characteristics of community behaviour in Tegal City. In this study, the characteristics of community behaviour are assessed from several variables such as community behaviour related to urbanization, land use, travel behaviour and socio-economic aspects. While energy consumption is defined as the unit of BTU (British Thermal Unit) for every need of electricity and fuel (gasoline) supporting the movement of members in the household. The analysis used is multiple linear regression analysis with characteristics of community behaviour as independent variable and energy consumption as the dependent variable. The results showed that the consumption of electrical energy is influenced by the intensity of the use of washing machines and the intensity of the use of air conditioning. Both variables are variables of urbanization aspect. While the consumption of fuel energy (gasoline) is influenced by the number of motorized travel which is a variable of the aspects of travel behaviour and is influenced by the number of private motor vehicles that are variables of socio-economic aspects.  


Household energy consumption land-use; urbanization

Full Text:



Behera, S. R., & Dash, D. P. (2017). The effect of urbanization, energy consumption, and foreign direct investment on the carbon dioxide emission in the SSEA (South and Southeast Asian) region. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 70, 96–106.

Choi, H., Nakagawa, D., Matsunaka, R., Oba, T., & Yoon, J. (2013). Research on the causal relationship between urban density, travel behaviours, and transportation energy consumption by economic level. International Journal of Urban Sciences, 17(3), 362–384.

Cui, L., & Shi, J. (2012). Urbanization and its environmental effects in Shanghai, China. Urban Climate, 2, 1–15.

Hardadi, R. (2015). Kondisi Pasokan dan Permintaan BBM di Indonesia dan Upaya Pertamina Dalam Pemenuhan Kebutuhan BBM Nasional. Jakarta.

Jedwab, R., Christiaensen, L., & Gindelsky, M. (2017). Demography, urbanization and development: Rural push, urban pull and…urban push? Journal of Urban Economics, 98, 6–16.

Jones, D. W. (1991). How urbanization affects energy-use in developing countries. Energy Policy, 19, 621–630.

Madlener, R., & Sunak, Y. (2011). Impacts of urbanization on urban structures and energy demand: What can we learn for urban energy planning and urbanization management? Sustainable Cities and Society, 1(1), 45–53.

Mindali, O., Raveh, A., & Salomon, I. (2004). Urban density and energy consumption: A new look at old statistics. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 38(2), 143–162.

Newman, P., & Kenworthy, J. R. (1989). Cities and automobile dependence. England: Aldershot, Hants.

Packer, N. (2011). A Beginner’s Guide to Energy and Power. Staffordshire University, UK.

Peng, X., Chen, X., & Cheng, Y. (2011). Urbanization and its consequences. Paris, France: Eolss Publishers.

Permana, A. S., Perera, R., & Kumar, S. (2008). Understanding energy consumption pattern of households in different urban development forms: A comparative study in Bandung City, Indonesia. Energy Policy, 36(11), 4287–4297.

Priyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif. (T. Chandra, Ed.). Sidoarjo: Zifatama Publishing.

Sales, A., & Carrese, S. (2012). Land use , mobility and energy consumption - Poster of ideas for the classification of urban settlements, 54, 129–137.

Sudjana. (1994). Metoda Statistika. Bandung: Tarsito.

United Nations. (2013). World population ageing 2013. Department of Economic and Social Affairs PD.

United Nations. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals.


  • There are currently no refbacks.