Published: 30 Dec 2014.
Open Access
Citation Format:

International assessments on education show that the basic education quality
of Indonesia is still left behind other countries, one of them are Thailand. The success
of Thailand education reform is interesting enough to be examined because those two
countries have some mutual backgrounds, but nowadays Thailand comes up and has
better quality in basic education than Indonesia.
By this research, the writer wants to explain how the basic education in
Indonesia and Thailand work, so that it can give different outputs. The writer limits
the problem to the scope of structure in basic education, the role of some agencies in
basic education policy and also the role of historical contexts in each country in
supporting the success of the policy. Those three questions will be explained in the
frame of education decentralization in Indonesia and Thailand.
By using interview and documentary study as the data collection method and
based on Giddens though called Structuration Theory, the writer found that some
distinctions such as different definition about education decentralization, actors in
the policy formulation process, education resources, and the relevance behavior
between policy formulator and policy implementator, will give impact to the basic
education structure flexibility. Based on the theory and the finding, it can be inferred
that the structure in education policy in Thailand is better than in Indonesia. It can
enable the success of basic education in Thailand. It can be shown from the adequate
resources to support the implementation of basic education in Thailand which is
better than Indonesia’s. The historical contexts in Thailand also can be something
that will always remain the policy actor, the formulator and the implementator one,
to commit to do the best to bring Thailand’s better life by education. While in
Indonesia some of the policy implementator behaviors are still irrelevant with the
behavior of the formulator which is democratic, flexible, and responsive

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