Social Capital in Policy : Putnamian's perspective on Banyuwangi Ethno Carnival

Published: 12 Mar 2020.
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Abstract

The success of Government Policy is not only based on the role of local
government alone, but
is a collaborative collaboration between
various stakeholders and the community . Full community involvement influences the
success of government programs . Through annual activities, namely the
Banyuwangi Ethno Carnival with the aim to encourage the Banyuwangi Regency
community initiatives to harmonize and form a collaboration between the government
and the community or cultural groups. In this study presents evidence of the strength
of social capital in an activity through basic ideas by Robert Putnam. The research
method used is descriptive qualitative with data collection techniques in the form of
interviews and documentation. The data obtained were then analyzed using
Triangulation Methods, Theory and Data Sources .
The findings of this study are through the tradition of mutual cooperation to
build Banyuwangi Ethno Carnival involving the role of various parties in the
implementation of the event . Society, culture and art studio work together to build
relationships in accordance with their capacity. To facilitate the flow of coordination,
the Banyuwangi District Culture Office provides space for the community to
participate and be active as a committee or technical implementer of BEC events. This
is based on the participation of Cultural Groups in BEC .
The conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that the first Social
Capital starts from the community through three forms of social capital, namely
Bonding , Bridging and Linking which are forms of community cooperation through
various parties in it . In the form of bounding is a form of interaction or community
collaboration with local group. Second, the form of bridging is the interaction or
collaboration between the community and the community, community or other
cultural groups. Third in the form of linking is the interaction or collaboration
between the community and formal institutions such as the government. Based on the
conclusions, the suggestions that can be given are that the implementation of cultural
festival activities through Banyuwangi Ethno Carnival is expected not only during the
term of office of Abdullah Azwar Anas, but will continue to be a continued annual
activity .
Keywords: Social Capital, Mutual Cooperation, Policy , Community Participation

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