GAMBARAN KEPATUHAN PERAWAT TERHADAP PENERAPAN UNIVERSAL PRECAUTION (STUDI DI RSUD UNGARAN)

*Raditya Noriski  -  Mahasiswa Peminatan Adminsitrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Septo Pawelas Arso  -  Bagian Adminsitrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Rani Tiyas Budiyanti  -  Bagian Adminsitrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Received: 25 Jun 2020; Published: 2 Nov 2020.
View
Open Access
Citation Format:
Abstract
Universal Precaution (UP) is a program created by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that aims to reduce the risk of transmission of pathogens through blood and body fluids. In Indonesia, this is regulated in the Minister of Health Regulation No. 27 of 2017 concerning infection prevention and control programs in health care facilities. But in its application in Ungaran Regional Hospital is still not optimal because there are still several cases of Stick Injury. In theory, there are several factors associated with the level of compliance. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of nurse approval in implementing Universal Precaution in Ungaran District Hospital. This research is a quantitative study using a cross sectional study with a sample of 96 respondents. The results of this study indicate that most nurses have complied with UP. Associated with hospitals to conduct routine inspections and sudden inspections to verify nurses while working.
Keywords: Universal Precaution; nurses; compliance

Article Metrics:

  1. Siegel JD, Rhinehart E, Jackson M, Chiarello L. Guideline for isolation precautions: Preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings 2007. Hosp Infect. 2009;1–232
  2. Alvaro CJ. 2007 Guil. Vol. 21, USA : University of Wisconsin Medical and School and Sci-Health Communication. 2017. p. 231–3
  3. World Health Organization. World Health Statistics 2013. 2013. 172 p
  4. Pusdatin Kementrian Keseahatan Republik Indonesia. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2004. Profil Kesehat Indones tahun 2004 [Internet]. 2004;231. Available from: http://www.pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/profil-kesehatan-indonesia-2004.pdf
  5. Istih SMP, Wiyono J, Candrawati E. Hubungan Unsafe Action Dengan Kecelakaan Kerja Pada Perawat Di Rumah Sakit Panti Waluya Malang. Nurs News (Meriden) [Internet]. 2017;2(2):337–48. Available from: https://publikasi.unitri.ac.id/index.php/fikes/article/download/478/396
  6. World Health Organization. Penerapan Kewaspadaan Standar di fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan. AIDE-MemoireWorld Heal Organ [Internet]. 2008;1 Available from: http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/AMStandardPrecautions_bahasa.pdf?ua=1
  7. Menteri Kesehatan RI. Peraturan menteri kesehatan republik indonesia no. 27 tahun 2017 tentang pedoman pencegahan dan pengendalian infeksi di fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan. Jakarta; 2017
  8. McGovern PM, dkk. Factors Affecting Universal Precautions Compliance. J Bus Psychol. 2000;15(1):149–61
  9. Yotlely AS. Analisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan perawat dalam penerapan kewaspadaan standar di RSUD Piru [Internet]. Universitas Airlangga; 2019. Available from: http://repository.unair.ac.id/82988/2/FKP.N. 25-19 Yot a.pdf
  10. I M, E S. Pendidikan kesehatan bagian dari promosi kesehatan masyarakat. Yogyakarta: Fitramaya; 2007
  11. Wogalter, S. M, DeJoy DM, Laughery KR. Warnings and risk communication. In: Cognitive Task Analysis. Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis e-Library; 2005. p. 28–9
  12. Kermode M, Jolley D, Langkham B, Thomas MS, Holmes W, Gifford SM. Compliance with Universal/Standard Precautions among health care workers in rural north India. Am J Infect Control. 2005;33(1):27–33
  13. Smet B. Psikologi kesehatan. In Jakarta: Grasindo; 1994. p. 343
  14. Carayon P, Gurses AP. Nursing Workload and Patient Safety — A Human Factors Engineering Perspective Chapter 30 . Nursing Workload and Patient Safety — A Human Factors Engineering Perspective. Patient Saf Qual An Evidence-Based Handb Nurses. 2008;2(1):2203–16
  15. Yuliana C. Kepatuhan perawat terhadap kewaspadaan standar di RSKO Jakarta tahun 2012. Universitas Indonesia; 2012
  16. Luo Y, He GP, Zhou JW, Luo Y. Factors impacting compliance with standard precautions in nursing, China. Int J Infect Dis [Internet]. 2010;14(12):e1106–14. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2009.03.037
  17. Green L. Health education: A diagnosis approach, the john hopkins university. California: Mayfield Publisher; 1980
  18. Sahara A. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan perawat dan bidan dalam penerapan kewaspadaan universal/kewaspadaan standar di Rumah Sakit Palang Merah Indonesia Bogor Tahun 2011. FKM UI. Universitas Indonesia; 2011