PENERAPAN METODE PENGENDALIAN KUALITAS MEWMA BERDASARKAN ARL DENGAN PENDEKATAN RANTAI MARKOV (Studi Kasus: Batik Semarang 16, Meteseh)

*Enggartya Andini  -  Departemen Statistika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Sudarno Sudarno  -  Departemen Statistika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Rita Rahmawati  -  Departemen Statistika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

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Abstract
An industrial company requires quality control to maintain quality consistency from the production results so that it is able to compete with other companies in the world market. In the industrial sector, most processes are influenced by more than one quality characteristic. One tool that can be used to control more than one quality characteristic is the Multivariate Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (MEWMA) control chart. The graph is used to determine whether the process has been controlled or not, if the process is not yet controlled, the next analysis that can be used is to use the Average Run Length (ARL) with the Markov Chain approach. The markov chain is the chance of today's event is only influenced by yesterday's incident, in this case the chance of the incident in question is the incident in getting a sampel of data on the production process of batik cloth to get a product that is in accordance with the company standards. ARL is the average number of sample points drawn before a point indicates an uncontrollable state. In this study, 60 sample data were used which consisted of three quality characteristics, namely the length of the cloth, the width of the cloth, and the time of the fabric for the production of written batik in Batik Semarang 16 Meteseh. Based on the results and discussion that has been done, the MEWMA controller chart uses the λ weighting which is determined using trial and error. MEWMA control chart can not be said to be stable and controlled with λ = 0.6, after calculating, the value is obtained Upper Control Limit (BKA) of 11.3864 and Lower Control Limit (BKB) of 0. It is known that from 60 data samples there is a Tj2 value that comes out from the upper control limit (BKA) where the amount of 15.70871, which indicates the production process is not controlled statistically. Improvements to the MEWMA controller chart can be done based on the ARL with the Markov Chain approach. In this final project, the ARL value used is 200, the magnitude of the process shift is 1.7 and the r value is 0.28, where the value of r is a constant obtained on the r parameter graph. The optimal MEWMA control chart based on ARL with the Markov Chain approach can be said to be stable and controlled if there is no Tj2 value that is outside the upper control limit (BKA). The results of the MEWMA control chart based on the ARL with the Markov Chain approach show that the process is not statistically capable because the MCpm value is 0.516797 and the MCpmk value is 0.437807, the value indicates a process capability index value of less than 1.

Keywords: Handmade batik, Multivariate Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (MEWMA), Average Run Length (ARL), Capability process.

Keywords: Handmade batik, Multivariate Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (MEWMA), Average Run Length (ARL), Capability process.

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