PERBANDINGAN MODEL REGRESI COX PROPORTIONAL HAZARD MENGGUNAKAN METODE BRESLOW DAN EFRON (Studi Kasus: Penderita Stroke di RSUD Tugurejo Kota Semarang)

*Eri Setiani  -  Departemen Statistika, FSM, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Sudarno Sudarno  -  Departemen Statistika, FSM, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Rukun Santoso  -  Departemen Statistika, FSM, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 28 Feb 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2020 Jurnal Gaussian
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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Abstract

Cox proportional hazard regression is a regression model that is often used in survival analysis. Survival analysis is phrase used to describe analysis of data in the form of times from a well-defined time origin until occurrence of some particular even or end-point. In analysis survival sometimes ties are found, namely there are two or more individual that have together event. This study aims to apply Cox model on ties event using two methods, Breslow and Efron and determine factors that affect survival of stroke patients in Tugurejo Hospital Semarang. Dependent variable in this study is length of stay, then independent variables are gender, age, type of stroke, history of hypertension, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and BMI. The two methods give different result, Breslow has four significant variables there are type of stroke, history of hypertension, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure, while Efron contains five significant variables such as type of stroke, history of hypertension, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood sugar levels. From the smallest AIC criteria obtained the best Cox proportional hazard regression model is Efron method.

 

Keywords: Stroke, Cox Proportional Hazard Regression model, Breslow method, Efron method.

Keywords: Stroke, Cox Proportional Hazard Regression model; Breslow method; Efron method.

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