PENGARUH PEMBERIAN VITAMIN A DAN E DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP DAYA TUNAS, DAYA TETAS, BOBOT TETAS DAN DAYA HIDUP DOC AYAM KEDU HITAM YANG DIPELIHARA IN SITU

Rosita Nor Pratiwi, Hanny Indrat Wahyuni, Wisnu Murningsih

Abstract


ABSTRAK

The research aimed to examine the effect of vitamin A and E in the diet on the fertility, hatchability, hatching weight and Day Old Chicken (DOC) viability of kedu black chicken reared in situ. This research used 20 males and 100 females kedu black chicken, around 1 years old with average body weight of 2071.43 ± 41.03 kg and 1540,83±46,58kg, respectively. Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments applied were T0 = basal diet, T1 = basal diet + vitamin E 20IU/100g, T2 = basal diet + vitamin A 2000IU/100g, T3 = basal diet + vitamin A 2000IU + vitamin E 20IU/100g. Basal diet was formulated with energy metabolism (EM) of = 2687,75 kkal/kg, crude protein (CP) = 17,62%, 12,68% crude fiber (CF), 3,66% ekstract eter (EE), Ca = 2,78%, P = 0,82%, vitamin A = 58333,33 IU/100gr, vitamin E = 2,05 IU/100gr. Parameters measured were fertility, hatchability, hatching weight, and DOC viability of kedu black chicken. The results showed that the addition of vitamin A and vitamin E in the diet did not significantly affect fertility, hatchability, hatching weight and DOC viability of kedu black chicken. The conclusion of this research was that addition of 2000 IU/100gr vitamin A dan 20 IU/100gr vitamin E and their combinations in the diet was not yet able to increase the fertility, hatchability, hatching weight and DOC viability of kedu black chicken.

Keywords : kedu black chicken, vitamin A, vitamin E, fertility, hatchability, hatching weight.

ABSTRAK

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh pemberian vitamin A dan E dalam ransum terhadap daya tunas, daya tetas, bobot tetas dan daya hidup Day Old Chicken (DOC) ayam kedu hitam yang dipelihara in situ. Penelitian menggunakan 20 ekor pejantan dan 100 ekor betina ayam kedu hitam umur ± 1 tahun dengan bobot badan 2071,43±41,03kg dan 1540,83±46,58kg. Penelitian disusun dengan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 5 ulangan. Perlakuan yang diterapkan adalah T0 = ransum basal, T1 = ransum basal+ vitamin E 20IU/100g, T2 = ransum basal+ vitamin A 2000IU/100g, T3 = ransum basal + vitamin A 2000IU + vitamin E 20IU/100g. Ransum basal disusun dengan kandungan EM = 2687,75 kkal/kg, PK = 17,62%, SK = 12,68%, LK = 3,66%, Ca = 2,78%, P = 0,82%, vitamin A = 58333,33 IU/100gr, vitamin E = 2,05 IU/100gr. Parameter yang diamati adalah daya tunas, daya tetas, bobot tetas, dan daya hidup DOC ayam kedu hitam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan vitamin A dan vitamin E pada ransum tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap daya tunas, daya tetas, bobot tetas dan daya hidup DOC ayam kedu hitam. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah penambahan vitamin A sebesar 2000 IU/100gr ransum dan vitamin E sebesar 20 IU/100gr ransum serta kombinasinya dalam ransum belum dapat meningkatkan daya tunas, daya tetas, bobot tetas dan daya hidup DOC ayam kedu hitam.

Kata Kunci : ayam kedu hitam, vitamin A, vitamin E, daya tunas, daya tetas, bobot tetas.


Keywords


kedu black chicken; vitamin A; vitamin E; fertility; hatchability; hatching weight; ayam kedu hitam; daya tunas; daya tetas; bobot tetas.

Full Text:

Fulltext PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Lisensi Creative Commons
AAJ diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro

http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/aaj



is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats