PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PAKANBERBEDA KUALITAS TERHADAP PRODUKSI PROTEIN MIKROBA RUMEN PADA KAMBING KACANG JANTAN

Sunarno Sunarno, Mukh Arifin, Edy Rianto

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji produksi protein mikroba di dalam rumen kambing kacang jantan pada pemberian pakan berbeda kualitas. Materi yang digunakan adalah 15 ekor kambing kacang jantan, umur 6-18 bulan dengan bobot badan  rata-rata 14,96 kg  ± 3,40 kg (CV = 23,55%). Pakan penelitian berupa mash yang tersusun dari rumput gajah, bungkil kedelai, onggok dan dedak padi. Metode penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok, dengan 3 perlakuan pakan dan 5 kelompok bobot badan awal ternak. Perlakuan pakan yang diterapkan adalah kandungan protein kasar (PK) dan total digestible nutrients (TDN), yaitu T1 (9,20% PK dan 54,67% TDN); T2 (11,67% PK dan 58,61% TDN), dan T3 (18,33% PK dan 65,23% TDN). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi nitrogen mikroba tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05) antar perlakuan (rata-rata 5,01 g/hari), sementara efisiensi produksi nitrogen mikroba (EPNM) pada T1: 18,47 g N/kg konsumsi bahan organic tercerna (KBOT) lebih tinggi (P<0,05) dari T2: 14,10 g N/kg KBOT dan T3: 13,00 g N/kg KBOT. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa pemberian pakan dengan kualitas pakan 9,20% PK sudah mampu untuk mendukung kinerja mikroba di dalam rumen kambing kacang jantan.

Kata kunci: produksi mikroba; efisiensi produksi nitrogen mikroba; kambing kacang

 

ABSTRACT

 

            A research was carried out to investigateproduction of microbial nitrogen production in the rumen of kacangbuck given feed of different quality. Fifteen kacangbucks, 6-18 months old, with initial body weight of 14.28 +3.36  kg (CV = 23.55%), were used in this research. The feed stuffs used in this research were napier grass, soybean meal, cassava by product and rice bran that were formed into a mash. This research used a randomized block design with 3 different feed treatments and 5 groups of initial body weight.  The feed treatment applied was the content of dietary crude protein (CP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN), i.e. T1:  9.20% CP and 54.67% TDN, T2: 11.67% CP and 58.61% TDN, and T3: 18.33% CP and 65.23% TDN. The results showed that microbial nitrogen production was not significantly different (P>0.05) among the treatments,  averaged 5.01 g/day.On the other hand the efficiency of microbial nitrogen production (EMNP) was significantly different (P<0.05) among the treatments; EMNP of T1: 18.47 g N/kg digestible organic matter (DOM) was higher thanthose of T2: 14.10 g N/kg DOM and T3: 13.00g N/kg DOM. The conclusion from this study is that feeding the feed quality 9.20% CPis able to support the performance of microbes in the rumen of kacangbuck.

Keywords:      microbial production; efficiency of microbial nitrogen production; kacang bucks

Keywords


produksi mikroba; efisiensi produksi nitrogen mikroba; kambing kacang; microbial production; efficiency of microbial nitrogen production; kacang bucks

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